This is the first real release
shapely-data, a haskell library
up here on hackage
for working with algebraic datatypes in a simple generic form made up of
haskell’s primitive product, sum and unit types:
You can install it with
cabal install shapely-data
Motivation and examples
In order from most to least important to me, here are the concerns that motivated the library:
Provide a good story for
Eitheras a lingua franca generic representation that other library writers can use without dependencies, encouraging abstractions in terms of products and sums (motivated specifically by my work on
Support algebraic operations on ADTs, making types composable
-- multiplication: let a = (X,(X,(X,()))) b = Left (Y,(Y,())) :: Either (Y,(Y,())) (Z,()) ab = a >*< b in ab == ( Left (X,(X,(X,(Y,(Y,()))))) :: Either (X,(X,(X,(Y,(Y,()))))) (X,(X,(X,(Z,())))) ) -- exponents, etc: fanout (head,(tail,(Prelude.length,()))) [1..3] == (1,([2,3],(3,()))) (unfanin (_4 `ary` (shiftl . Sh.reverse)) 1 2 3 4) == (3,(2,(1,(4,()))))
Support powerful, typed conversions between
data F1 = F1 (Maybe F1) (Maybe [Int]) deriving Eq data F2 = F2 (Maybe F2) (Maybe [Int]) deriving Eq f2 :: F2 f2 = coerce (F1 Nothing $ Just [1..3]) data Tsil a = Snoc (Tsil a) a | Lin deriving Eq truth = massage "123" == Snoc (Snoc (Snoc Lin '3') '2') '1'
Lowest on the list is supporting abstracting over different recursion schemes or supporting generic traversals and folds, though some basic support is planned.
Finally, in at least some cases this can completely replace
may be a bit simpler. See
examples/Generics.hs for an example of the
GHC.Generics wiki example
shapely-data. And for a nice view on the changes that were
git show 3a65e95 | perl /usr/share/doc/git/contrib/diff-highlight/diff-highlight
Why not GHC.Generics?
GHC.Generics representation has a lot of metadata and a complex
structure that can be useful in deriving default instances; more important to
us is to have a simple, canonical representation such that two types that
differ only in constructor names can be expected to have identical generic
This supports APIs that are type-agnostic (e.g. a database library that returns
Product, convertible later with
to), and allows us to define
algebraic operations and composition & conversion functions.